There are two types of divorces in Maryland: a limited divorce and an absolute divorce. A limited divorce is a legal separation filed through the courthouse, while an absolute divorce is the final act that terminates the marriage and property claims. The absolute divorce action allows a person to remarry.
In Maryland, a person is legally separated if the parties are living separate and apart without cohabitation. Legal separations do not require any paperwork to be filed with the court or any documents signed unless a person needs assistance from the Court in order to receive alimony, custody, visitation, child support, use and possession of the family home, and/or attorney’s fees. A Judgment of Limited Divorce provides a person with temporary relief until the absolute divorce is granted. In an action for a limited divorce, the judge has no authority to deal with any marital property issues. Those issues are dealt with during the absolute divorce. A party has to have “grounds” to file for an absolute divorce.